Once again, Mr. Stan Brown has offered nothing but misinformation in his poorly researched article on Apache origins. Humanity has been hunting and following game animals for longer than there's been fire (500,000 years) and clothing (at least 50,000 years) and pretty much had mastered the techniques of survival several millions years ago -- since hominids have been manufacturing tools for around 2.5 million years.
The statement that "a white or European type of human" was here first shows a complete misunderstanding of the entire Kennewick Man issue and had no place in the article at all.
The suggestion that the Rim Country was abandoned with the extinction of Pleistocene animals (those hunted by the Clovis culture) is wrong. People have occupied this portion of the state through all known time periods, for around 10,000 years.
While the word "Athapasca" is a Cree word, it refers to the name the Cree peoples gave the lake, not the area to the west of Lake Athapasca, which incidentally, is in northeastern Alberta and northwestern Saskatchewan. The word literally means, "There are reeds here and there," probably referring to marshy shore conditions. The actual environment is lodge pole forest and not grassland.
Some of the Apachean groups did not "become the Plains people called Kiowa and Comanche." Both the Kiowa and Comanche are completely different language groups. The Kiowa originally came from the western side of the Great Lakes region and were pushed into the Great Plains by expansion of the Ojibwa tribes. The Comanche are a Shoshonean group who ranged the southern Great Plains and considered the Apaches to be enemies. There is a group of Apaches referred to as the Plains Apache where ended up closely allied with, lived closely to and probably intermarried with the Kiowa, but the Apaches did not become the Kiowa Indians.
Actually, the Navajo and Western Apache had lifestyles very similar to the Plains Indian groups, especially when one considers the historic activities of the Kiowa and Comanche. They were warrior societies and while there wasn't much in the way of buffalo hunting since we don't have bison in this area, there was a reliance and use of horses, as well as trade/raid activities.
It is hoped that any future articles that The Rim Review offers concerning area history contain better research and more than 20 percent factual information.
Denise Ryan, Payson