The Bill of Rights, the first 10 amendments to the United States Constitution, spells out individual rights.
Event organizer Tina Terry would like to invite citizens to celebrate Bill of Rights Day at Fireside Espresso from 11 a.m. to 1:30 p.m., Saturday, Dec. 15.
Youth, ages 3 to 16 years old from Payson Community Kids will sing holiday and patriotic songs at 11:30 a.m.
There will be a multiple choice questionnaire about the Bill of Rights available for children and adults to test their knowledge.
Event organizer, Tina Terry, wrote the following in a Dec. 12, 2000 Payson Roundup newspaper letter to the editor: "Nearly everything that makes an American proud to be one comes from the Bill of Rights. Freedoms to speak, print, read, assemble, pray, petition the government, keep and bear arms. Protection from unreasonable arrests and searches, excessive bail, double jeopardy, coerced confessions, cruel and unusual punishment. Rights to due process, jury trials, counsel, and to present defense witnesses. These are the freedoms and rights that define America."
Lew Levenson has been at Fireside Espresso for several hours each morning during the past week to raise awareness and have "citizen conversations."
"The intent was to have no speeches, no demonstrations, just a place where people could read and discuss the Bill of Rights," he said.
The conversations have been sporadic, but Levenson said he has had up to six people at once conversing.
"I'm always surprised when people say, I didn't know ‘that' was in the amendments. The Bill of Rights is a simple to understand document. You don't have to have a college degree to understand it," he said.
The Town of Star Valley, at its Dec. 4 council meeting resolved that every Dec. 15 will be celebrated as the Bill of Rights Day.
The Ten Original Amendments: The Bill of Rights
The Bill of Rights was passed by Congress September 25, 1789. Ratified December 15, 1791.
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.
No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use without just compensation.
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.
In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.