by the PRMC staff
A stroke, also referred to as a “brain attack,” occurs when blood flow to the brain is disrupted. There are two types of strokes:
• Ischemic stroke: when a blood clot blocks one of the vital blood vessels in the brain.
• Hemorrhagic stroke: when a blood vessel in the brain bursts, spilling blood into surrounding tissue.
According to the National Stroke Association, a stroke is the leading cause of death in the U.S., and the leading cause of serious, long-term adult disability. A stroke can happen to anyone at any age.
This year, a stroke will occur every 40 seconds and will take a life every four hours. Two million brain cells die every minute during stroke, increasing the risk of permanent brain damage, disability or death.
Recognizing symptoms and acting F.A.S.T. can save a life and decrees the chances of permanent disabilities.
Know the symptoms:
• Confusion or difficulty speaking/understanding
• Difficulty swallowing
• Sudden loss of vision
• Sudden numbness, weakness or paralysis of the face or on one side of the body
• Sudden severe headache
• Unexplained dizziness and/or loss of balance
• Face: Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?
• Arms: Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?
• Speech: Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Is their speech slurred or strange?
• Time: If you observe any of these signs, call 9-1-1 immediately.
If you believe that you or a loved one are experiencing a stroke, call 9-1-1 or go immediately to the emergency room.