Know The Signs Of Stroke And Act Fast


by the PRMC staff

A stroke, also referred to as a “brain attack,” occurs when blood flow to the brain is disrupted. There are two types of strokes:

• Ischemic stroke: when a blood clot blocks one of the vital blood vessels in the brain.

• Hemorrhagic stroke: when a blood vessel in the brain bursts, spilling blood into surrounding tissue.

According to the National Stroke Association, a stroke is the leading cause of death in the U.S., and the leading cause of serious, long-term adult disability. A stroke can happen to anyone at any age.

This year, a stroke will occur every 40 seconds and will take a life every four hours. Two million brain cells die every minute during stroke, increasing the risk of permanent brain damage, disability or death.

Recognizing symptoms and acting F.A.S.T. can save a life and decrees the chances of permanent disabilities.

Know the symptoms:

• Confusion or difficulty speaking/understanding

• Difficulty swallowing

• Sudden loss of vision

• Sudden numbness, weakness or paralysis of the face or on one side of the body

• Sudden severe headache

• Unexplained dizziness and/or loss of balance

Act F.A.S.T.

• Face: Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?

• Arms: Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?

• Speech: Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Is their speech slurred or strange?

• Time: If you observe any of these signs, call 9-1-1 immediately.

If you believe that you or a loved one are experiencing a stroke, call 9-1-1 or go immediately to the emergency room.


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