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Stan Brown

Stories by Stan

The Story of Payson, Arizona

Founded by miners, built by ranchers: the story of payson, arizona - Chapter 7: A POST OFFICE NAMED PAYSON

By the year 1884 the village of Union Park was growing along the crossroads that came from Ox Bow Hill on the south, the mines around Marysville to the west, Pine to the north, and settlers under the Rim to the east. Businesses and homes intermingled as residents claimed the tillable properties on the meadow by the springs. The wash came to be called The American Gulch, named after the American Mine at its mouth on the East Verde River.

The Story of Payson, Arizona

In 1883, the news broke throughout Union Park that eastern financiers, including magnates of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, were sponsoring a railroad line that would come from Flagstaff down through the Tonto Basin, passing near Union Park.

The Story of Payson, Arizona

Chapter 5: THE SETTLEMENT BECOMES A VILLAGE

Early in 1882, Henry Sidles, who still maintained his ranch at Flowing Springs, was living in his poured-mud adobe house in Green Valley. Across from his “mud house” he built the community’s first mercantile store and saloon.

The Story of Payson, Arizona

Before Green Valley became a village, a mining camp almost took the honors in 1881 three miles to the west. A cluster of miners’ tents mushroomed beside the military road established more than a decade earlier by the army. The road from Tonto Basin followed Wild Rye Creek to its headwaters, and then continued to the mouth of Pine Creek.

FIRST ARRIVALS

In the 10 years from 1867 through 1876, 60 skirmishes were fought between the Indians and the army in and around Green Valley (Payson) and in the Tonto Basin.

Part 1:FIRST ARRIVALS

founded by miners, built by ranchers: the story of Payson, Arizona

Green Valley was left to the Apaches for six years following the army's failure to establish a military post there.

Part 1: FIRST ARRIVALS

founded by miners, built by ranchers: the story of payson, arizona

Green Valley was left to the Apaches for six years following the army’s failure to establish a military post there. In July of 1874 De-che-ae, the last Apache chief to hold out against the white invasion was killed and the remnants of his band surrendered to the Rio Verde Reservation.

Part 1: FIRST ARRIVALS

Founded by miners, built by ranchers: The Story of Payson, Arizona

For some years I have desired to set down an orderly account of the town of Payson, Arizona, founded by gold miners and established by cattle ranchers in the late 19th century. It is a story that begins in the spring of 1868.

Earthquakes for Payson?

Planet Earth seems to be in revolt against its human occupiers, but we who live in Arizona's central highlands hardly give a thought to tornados, earthquakes, and tsunamis.

A stroll among the pioneer graves - Chapter 17

We conclude our look at the stories of pioneers who are buried in Rim Country graves by returning to our place of beginning, the Payson Pioneer Cemetery.

The bones of Payson

In our search for the isolated graves of Rim Country pioneers, we should not overlook "the ancient ones" -- those people who populated Payson and its surroundings from at least 1000 B.C. until they disappeared around A.D. 1250.

The grave of Davy Gowan

Some of graves of Rim Country pioneers are isolated enough that some good, healthy hiking is required to stand at the spot and recall the dramatic life it represents.

A cemetery called 'The Last Roundup'

BACK WHEN

In our search for the isolated graves of Rim Country pioneers, we take a drive down Ox Bow Hill on the Beeline Highway, and at the foot of the hill we come to the little community of Rye.

The Starr of Starr Valley

BACK WHEN

The stories of early settlers buried in isolated graves are often difficult to get straight, because so many conflicting folk stories can surround them. Never was this more true than in our attempt to decipher the story of Mr. Starr, for whom Starr Valley is named.

The cemetery on Colcord Road

PIONEERS SELDOM DIED OF OLD AGE - Chapter 12

Throughout the Rim Country and Tonto Basin lie the remains of brave pioneers who settled this fruitful but isolated section of Arizona during its territorial and early statehood years. These solitary and sometimes family plots conjure up memories of the drama, hardship, glory and excitement that surround the settlement of Arizona's central mountains.

Pioneers seldom died of old age, Chapter 11

Tracking down the lonely graves of pioneers in Arizona's Rim Country can take us to some really isolated places. Three graves, side by side along a trace of the old Crook Trail tell an ugly story of local history. They are the graves of Jamie Stott, Jimmy Scott and Jeff Wilson, who were hanged during what historian James McClintock called "one of bloodiest features of Arizona's history," the Pleasant Valley War.

Pioneers seldom died of old age, Chapter 10

It is a breathtaking view, its beauty in stark contrast to the ugly murder that took place just back across the highway. Nearby is the grave of Al Fulton, and recounting his death gathers up one of the little known sagas of Rim Country history.

Pioneers seldom died of old age

When walking through a cemetery, one cannot help feeling a sense of history, for each grave marker tells the snippet of a human life. I am tempted to wonder about the person buried there, and to imagine the precious life memorialized in stone. But not all interesting graves are in cemeteries.

Pioneers seldom died of old age, Chapter 7

On the Mogollon Rim at East Clear Creek, the 1882 battlefield known at "Big Dry Wash" contains the grave of Private Joseph McLernon, the only white solider killed during the conflict. At its head is an official military marker. But is his body really under this mound of stones?

Pioneers seldom died of old age, Chapter 6

Pvt. Joseph McLernon was the only white soldier killed at the famous 1882 Battle of Big Dry Wash, north of Payson on East Clear Creek.

Chapter 5: Pioneers seldom died of old age

In this series we are exploring the stories behind isolated graves that can be found along roads and trails in the Rim Country.

Pioneers seldom died of old age

Leaving the cemetery in Strawberry we return to the highway and head up the Mogollon Rim on State Routes 87/260.

Pioneers seldom died of old age

We continue our investigation of a number of mysterious and isolated graves found around the Rim Country.

Pioneers seldom died of old age

Life for the early settlers in the Rim Country was seldom a picnic.

THE DREAM COMES TRUE

The continuing friendship of Mrs. Lewis Pyle with the Tonto Apaches led to an effort to help them become economically independent.

The CAMP

Chapter 48 - The History of the Tonto Apaches

It was simply called "The Camp," located in the Tonto National Forest south of Payson.

East Verde and Indian Hill

BACK WHEN

When the Tonto Apaches returned to their homeland in the Payson area, they made camps at locations used by their forefathers.

The return home

BACK WHEN

As the 19th century entered its last decade, military control over the San Carlos Reservation became lax. Tonto and Yavapai families were free to return to the places they called home, and this usually meant returning to the places where their fathers had been born.

Violence and rebellion

BACK WHEN

In 1881, word was spreading about a mystic of the White Mountain tribe who was preaching a radical philosophy at Cibecue and Carrizo. His name was Nock-ay-del-klinne.

The Tontos' long march

BACK WHEN

Many of America's native tribes had their "trail of tears" -- a long march forced upon them as they were moved from one territory or another by White armies. The Tontos and Yavapai were no exception.

Life at San Carlos

BACK WHEN

No sooner had the Tonto Apache and Yavapai bands been rounded up on the San Carlos Reservation, than white homesteaders began staking out the Indian lands for themselves.

The death of Delshay

BACK WHEN

In March of 1873, Crook's Army, led by the scout C. C. Cooley and his White Mountain Indian company, had captured a Tonto woman and forced her to show them where the Tonto warriors were hiding out.

White anger, Apache vengeance

BACK WHEN

As the winter of 1871-1872 clutched the Rim Country in its grip, Tonto Apache chiefs began to bring their families to the several reservations.

Scene set for Crook's campaign

BACK WHEN

The decade of the 1870's was the time of devastation for the Tonto Apache bands. By the end of the decade, their land had been wrested from them and their identity as a unique people all but extinguished.

The call for reservations

BACK WHEN

The White Mountain Apaches had made peace with the American Army and agreed to the establishment of a post in the midst of their territory in exchange for food to feed their hungry people.

The U.S. seeks peace

BACK WHEN

Early in March 1870, the Army introduced someone into the Arizona scene who would not only come to know the Tonto Apaches well, but play a large role in diminishing their tribe.

The end of Camp Reno

BACK WHEN

In the early months of 1870, attacks on supply trains south of the Tonto territory grew fiercer. Pinal Apaches, Yavapai, and perhaps some marauding bands of Tontos, carried them out.

Take a historical tour of the Mogollon Rim

The Rim Country is graced with striking natural wonders, impressive ancient ruins and important historic locations.

Conflicting views of the enemy

BACK WHEN

As word went out across Arizona about the ranching and prospecting possibilities in the central mountains and basins, pressure increased on the government to provide protection for settlers.

Extermination an impossible goal

BACK WHEN

Major Alexander returned from his trip to San Francisco, seeking permission to establish a reservation, and immediately his enthusiasm for Del-che-ae cooled.

Apaches turn on each other

BACK WHEN

Lt. Chilson, the officer in charge of Camp Reno, had enough good will among the Apaches that he was able to have long conversations with Del-che-ae.

Peace for food

BACK WHEN

As the winter of 1869 progressed, desperate hunger among the Apaches and Yavapai created an outburst of raids and killings throughout the territory.

Attacks on Camp Reno

BACK WHEN

When the Army commanders decided an outpost in Green Valley would stretch their supply line too far, they established the post on Reno Wash as a more permanent location.

Invasion from the north

BACK WHEN

In the spring of 1868, construction on the military road resumed, with a plan to develop it all the way to Green Valley.

Mixed signals from the Tontos

BACK WHEN

In early April 1868 Chief Del-che-ae shouted a declaration of war as the Army invaded his stronghold in the Sierra Ancha.

Good will ending

BACK WHEN

Captain DuBois sought to make good on his promises to the bands of Tonto, Pinal, and Mescalero Apaches that had encamped near Camp Carroll.

Attempts at good will

BACK WHEN

In spite of the threat of lurking Pima Indian scouts, Chief Del-che-ae entered Camp Miller with 50 men, women and children on Nov. 22, 1867 and met with Captain DuBois.

Road into the Tonto heartland

BACK WHEN

The ambitious project of building a military wagon road over the Mazatzal Mountains and into the Tonto Basin was started in October 1867.

The fight on Spring Creek

BACK WHEN

As the U.S. Army continued their inroads to the Tonto stronghold, seeking a location for a new post, it was evident to the Apaches they could no longer be safe by retreating to secluded fortresses.