Two new White Mountains wildfires are growing rapidly, with fire crews scrambling to get a box around them to prevent their spread.
The McDonald Tank Fire south of Tonto Lake near the Black River on the Fort Apache Indian Reservation started from unknown causes on Tuesday and grew to 1,500 acres by Thursday. The fire’s moving toward the Black River, with active running, torching, flanking and backing. It’s mostly burning in timber, brush and tall grass. The 159 firefighters were trying to figure out how to contain its spread using backfires and firebreaks on existing road systems.
Meanwhile, the lightning storm that sparked the Boggy Creek Fire near Alpine at least had the grace to mix rain with lightning – giving fire crews some help in containing the blaze.
Nonetheless, by Thursday morning it had consumed 3,000 acres. The fire’s burning in the fire scar of the Wallow Fire about 10 miles northwest of Hannigan Meadows. The 470,000-acre Wallow Fire left lots of downed and dead wood and snags, but took out many of the tree thickets that produced the extreme behavior in the largest of all state fires.
The Boggy Creek Fire sent smoke drifting into Alpine and Springerville. The Wallow Fire destroyed more than 70 structures, but thinning projects on the outskirts of Alpine and Springerville by the now-defunct White Mountains Stewardship Project saved both of those communities from the wildfire.
Some 50 firefighters labored to create lines around the Boggy Creek Fire to keep it from kicking up and spreading into neighboring communities as the temperature rises, the sparse moisture from the storm evaporates and the winds pick up.
The latest update said the fire had accelerated from creeping along the ground to moderate flanking and creeping through the heavy dead and down fuel loading left by the Wallow Fire. “Crews were able to anchor point on the fire Monday on the southern end and will be looking for opportunities to corral the fire to the north, east, and western sides of the fire using existing road networks where they can safely engage with operations.”
Every national forest in the state remains in Stage 1 Fire Restrictions, due to the exceptionally dangerous fire conditions. This means no campfires, target shooting or other high-risk activities in the national forests.
By all indications, we’re in for six weeks of white-knuckle wildfire danger until a hopefully normal monsoon lowers the fire danger sometime in July, according to the National Weather Service’s May wildfire update.
Unfortunately, Arizona is in the grip of perhaps the worst drought in 1,000 years – with the possible exception of a long, dry spell in the 1100s. Almost all of Navajo and Apache Counties remain in “exceptional” drought, according to the U.S. Drought Monitor.
“Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada and Utah had their driest April-March period in 126 years, with California and Colorado having their third and fourth driest April-March period respectively,” concluded the May fire season outlook issued by the National Interagency Fire Center.
The record-breaking dry spring comes on the heels of a dry winter that has left the region primed for a much worse fire year than even last summer – when nearly a million acres burned. Conditions right now are more dangerous than the fire seasons that spawned the Rodeo Chediski Fire or the Wallow Fire – the two biggest fires in recorded state history.
Arizona has already had some scary fires – including the 1,300-acre Flag fire near Kingman, the 5,500-acre Tussock Fire in the Bradshaw Mountains, the 2,800-acre Copper Canyon Fire near Phoenix, the 1,200-acre Margo Fire north of Tucson, the 70-acre Bonito Rock Fire near Alpine, the 2,000-acre G22 Fire near Heber, the 300-acre Butler Fire near Safford, the 1,000-acre Sycamore Canyon fire near Tucson and the 1,000-acre Warsaw Fire near Nogales.
The fire season forecast calls for high fire danger throughout the west, with the danger rising steadily into August and September in most areas. California’s looking especially vulnerable – signaling a possible repeat of last year’s fire season disaster. Last year, 4 million acres burned in California alone and the fires killed 33 people, destroyed 10,000 structures and inflicted $12 billion in damages. Fire agencies spent $2 billion fighting those fires. The drought’s so widespread now that the federal government could easily run out of firefighters.
Fortunately, forecasters still say there’s a good chance for a normal monsoon season in Arizona, which will reduce fire danger dramatically once the summer rains start in July.
In the meantime, “Above normal significant fire potential is anticipated area-wide for both the months of May and June, given the present widespread drought conditions and the overall expected warmer and drier late spring, early-summer weather pattern. Significant fire potential is expected to drop back to normal area-wide by July with the onset of summer monsoon.”
So that means we’ll have to just sweat out one of the most dangerous fire seasons in years for the next six weeks. The Valley has already returned to triple digit temperatures, which could mean another summertime invasion by flatlanders. The Forest Service has already imposed near universal fire restrictions, but could start closing the forest if the fuels continue to dry out and the temperatures to rise.
We can also pray for well-timed storms – although they’re rare in June.
“As is typical for the Southwest,” concluded the Weather Service, “just one or two major storm systems in an otherwise dry period can have a substantial impact on fire potential, even amidst a drought, and this will be closely monitored even though it becomes less likely.”